Number of medal events: 7
Form of competition
A water sport that requires the competitor to cover a distance in open water. The programme includes 5km team and men’s and women’s 5km, 10km and 25km races.
History of open water swimming
The beginning of the modern age of open water swimming is often considered to be May 3, 1810, when Lord Byron swam several miles to cross the Hellespont (now known as the Dardanelles) from Europe to Asia.
In the first edition of the modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896, the swimming competition was held in open water. The ‘real’ discipline joined the Olympic programme in Beijing 2008 where the first 10km races were held under the name of marathon swimming.
In 1991, open water swimming events were introduced to the programme of the World Championships, for a couple of editions only the 25km events were contested then the shorter distances were added, 5km in 1998 and 10km in 2001. Recently the FINA/HOSA 10km Marathon Swimming World Cup circuit offers elite racing opportunities (and fine prize money) for the best open water competitors.
Number of events: 7
Equipment: starting pontoon, feeding station, judge boats
Gear: swimwear, goggles, cap
Place of the competition: Balatonfüred